Ultram Symptoms, Signs and Side Effects
Ultram is the brand name version of tramadol that is used to treat moderate to severe pain. It is also available in an extended-release form that can prevent pain for longer periods of time. Ultram is an opioid-like drug that binds to opioid receptors in the brain to reduce the intensity of pain. It also prevents the reuptake of neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine and serotonin, which reduces a person’s perception of pain. Together, these effects can generate a euphoric feeling, thus creating a risk for addiction.
Ultram was originally thought to be at low risk for addiction because it binds opioid receptors with a lower affinity than other opioids. However, it is now appreciated that the long-term use of Ultram can lead to addiction and dependence. Ultram was recently reclassified as a Schedule IV controlled substance by the Drug Enforcement Administration. Such classification means Ultram has the potential to be misused.
Individuals who misuse Ultram are also more likely to use it in combination with other drugs, which can increase the risk of serious side effects. The side effects of Ultram abuse include life-threatening complications such as respiratory failure and seizure.
Symptoms of Ultram Abuse
The Drug Enforcement Administration reported that 3.2 million people over the age of 12 admitted to using tramadol for non-medical reasons at some point in their lives. People who misuse narcotics, patients with chronic pain and health care workers are at the highest risk for Ultram addiction.
There are physical and psychological symptoms of Ultram addiction that can manifest in many different ways. Ultram addiction symptoms include:
- Cravings for Ultram
- Intense anxiety when the drug is unavailable
- Developing a tolerance to Ultram and taking larger doses than what was prescribed
- Changing the route of intake by snorting or injecting Ultram
- Spending large amounts of time taking the drug or recovering from its use
- Difficulty meeting major responsibilities due to the use of Ultram
- Continuing to use the drug despite detrimental effects on health, relationships and overall well being
- Withdrawal symptoms such as paranoia and hallucinations when Ultram is not taken
- Mood changes and suicidal thoughts
Ultram Side Effects
With any medication, there is a risk of side effects and adverse effects that may occur. Individuals who take Ultram will experience side effects similar to those associated with other opioid drugs. Some general side effects of Ultram use include:
- Stomach pain
Ultram also affects the reuptake of serotonin and can induce a condition called serotonin syndrome. This symptom occurs when there is an accumulation of serotonin in a person’s body. Other adverse effects related to Ultram usage include:
- Slow heart rate
- A weak pulse
- Chest pain
- Rapid heartbeat
- Noisy, shallow breathing
Side effects from the long-term use of Ultram can significantly impact one’s health. Lasting and permanent damage to organs and important body symptoms can occur with long-term use of Ultram including:
- Serotonin syndrome
- Respiratory problems
- Liver and kidney damage
- Adrenal insufficiency
- Androgen insufficiency
- Changes in behavior
- Psychological effects
Risk of Combining Ultram with Other Drugs
There are several drug interactions that one should be aware of when using Ultram. It is important to use precaution when taking multiple medications. You can consult your doctor or pharmacist with your concerns about drug interactions. Harmful Ultram drug interactions involve drugs like:
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs): MOAIs are a class of drugs used to treat depression and panic disorders. The use of Ultram with MAOIs increases the risk of seizures.
- Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): Because Ultram also affects the reuptake of serotonin in the brain, the use of SSRIs with Ultram can increase the risk of serotonin syndrome and seizures.
- Central Nervous System Depressants: The use of Ultram with any drugs that depress the activity of the central nervous system can cause adverse effects including respiratory depression. Central nervous system depressants include alcohol, other opioids, and benzodiazepines.
Signs of Ultram Overdose
Ultram overdoses can occur when too much of the drug is ingested or Ultram is taken in combination with other drugs. If you or someone you know is experiencing an Ultram overdose, seek medical attention immediately. Ultram overdose symptoms include:
- Shallow or absent breathing
- Irregular heartbeat
- Weakness or lethargy
- Small pupils
- Rigid Muscles
- Cold and clammy skin
- Skin discoloration
Again, if an overdose is suspected, call 9-1-1 immediately. An overdose is a life-threatening situation.
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National institute of diabetes and digestive and kidney diseases. “Adrenal Insufficiency & Addison’s Disease.”
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