Drug Enforcement Administration. “Drugs of Abuse: A DEA Resource Guide.” 2017. Accessed October 09, 2019.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. “Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) drug profile.” Accessed October 07, 2019.

Henningfield, Jack E.; Fant, Reginald V.; Wang, Daniel W. “The abuse potential of kratom according the 8 factors of the controlled substances act: implications for regulation and research.” Psychopharmacology. December 23, 2017. Accessed October 09, 2019.

McCance-Katz, Elinore, F. “Urgent and Emerging Issues in Prevention: Marijuana, Kratom, E-cigarettes.” Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2019. Accessed October 08, 2019.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse. “Drug Facts: Kratom.” April 2019. Accessed October 07, 2019.

Singh, Darshan; Müller, Christian P.; Vicknasingam, Balasingam K. “Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) dependence, withdrawal symptoms and craving in regular users.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence, June 1, 2014. Accessed October 09, 2019.

Don’t wait. Call today.

Get the best treatment options.


See our locations